The Dunes of Maspalomas are without doubt the biggest attraction by the thousands of tourists who come each year to Gran Canaria. It is a protected area of 5 square kilometers, and it is needed because of the climate change, but also the tourism affect this beautiful natural phenomenon drastically. According to scriptures of the dunes should the dunes not originated but have acquired their present form by a tsunami that took place in 1755 after an earthquake.
Because of the ever-present north-east wind have grains of sand over the years compacted. With the coming of Playa del Ingles is the tourism increased in Gran Canaria, but is also the dune landscape partly protected.
However this also has the drawback that there is hardly yet new sand get argued naturally to maintain the sand hills. Today, the dunes are more southerly than 40 years ago, when stretched the sand dunes are much further north off. The golden sand is composed of pulverized chalk and shells complemented with volcanic sand. Despite the considering sand there is still to be seen vegetation.